- Children are kept in large groups by age and “graduate” to new caregivers and peers regularly.
- Caregivers are overwhelmed and don’t know how to connect in a meaningful way with children, considering the constraints of time and the large number of children for whom they are responsible.
- Children have no personal space or record of the moments and developments that form their identity.
- Countries overly rely on residential care (orphanages)
- Children are placed in family-like small groups where primary caregiver relationships are formed and maintained as long as they are in care.
- Caregivers are trained to use routine moments to connect with each child and feel confident in their ability to provide what the child needs.
- Caregivers keep records of developmental milestones; children have cubbies for their own things and a binder of progress and past history to help form an identity.
- Residential care centers are supported in expanding their programs to include services in family reunification and support, running small-scale foster programs, and appropriate monitoring.
The next installment of this series is Our Results: an overview of the developmental outcomes of children in childcare systems after our intervention.